Girl, this isn’t a good look. In fact, it’s downright scary. Just google up some images of hammertoes and you’ll probably never wear a pair of these again. If you really have to wear these suckers, go a ½ size up and wear slightly thicker hose or socks. The idea is to give your toes more space horizontally. They weren’t really made to all point directly north, for God’s sake. Exfoliate your feet, especially the ball of the foot. This works wonders on those calluses. Just because you have them doesn’t mean they have to look icky.
Corns have a tendency to occur on bony prominences like the inside or outside of any of the toes, although the pinky toe is the most common, the tops of the toes at the “knuckles”, or at the tips of the toes. Doctor, why, oh why do they occur and how come they keep coming back even after you remove them?” I will occasionally remind my patients that humans were not originally created with the thought that at some point in evolution we’d be wearing coverings on our feet, called shoes.
Bunions are officially called hallux valgus in medical language. The word “hallux” refers to the big toe, and bunions are a foot condition where the big toe doesn’t line up straight with all the other toes. The joint where the big toe meets the bones of the foot, called the first metatarso-phalangeal joint, should form a straight line with the entire big toe and the metatarsal or long bone of the foot. In a bunion, the big toe starts moving in towards the other toes. There may be some rotation in the first metatarso-phalangeal joint when this happens as well.
Though there are some people with genetically thickened or unusual skin (e.g. psoriasis or eczema), most calluses and corns are caused by foot and toe deformities, biomechanical problems and the foot environment. Corns do NOT have roots. They are NOT caused by viruses. Corns and calluses are caused by a combination of internal and external forces. If these forces are not controlled, the corns will persist or repeatedly return. Brief term treatments consist of ice, rest and foot message. Long term options include enhancing and extending of the whole foot, correct shoes, and weight reduction. About the Author
Just below the ankle bone on the inside of the ankle, a large nerve passes into the foot. At this level, the nerve can become inflamed. This condition is called Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome. Generally, there is not pain at this site of the inflamed nerve at the inside of the ankle. Pain may instead be experienced in the bottom of the foot or in the toes. This can be a difficult diagnosis to make in certain circumstances. Neuromas, however, occur more commonly than Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome. Jan 15, 2011 By Shannon Marks Photo Caption Wear shoes that are rigid and supportive. Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images
This movement of the big toe laterally is reflected by the term, “valgus” of the bunion term, hallux valgus. Whenever you see the word “valgus”, it means that something is misaligned, and moving laterally or towards the outside of the body. If the big toe moved the opposite direction of the other toes, this would be called “varus” and it would not be a bunion. Bunions can also be associated with different diseases, such as cerebral palsy, Down’s syndrome, Ehler-Danlos syndrome, multiple sclerosis, and different forms of arthritis. Bunions are often considered a hereditary condition, but you don’t have to have a family member with bunions to develop them.